A Facebook post claims an increase in childhood vaccinations is responsible for a dramatic rise in the rate of autism since the 1980s.
The claim is false. Experts told AAP FactCheck the rise is due to a broader diagnostic criteria and an improved understanding of the condition.
Numerous studies have debunked the claimed link between vaccines and autism.
It says the rate increased to one in 150 by 2008, with 36 vaccines as part of the vaccination schedule, before reaching one in 88 by 2013, when there were 46 vaccines.
“Today, we are up to an autism rate of 1 in 36, and after the covid jabs are added, we will be nearing 100 doses of vaccines on the childhood schedule,” the post’s caption reads.
There are several problems with the post.
Firstly, the numbers cited for autism prevalence are not entirely accurate.
Autism prevalence in the 1980s was estimated at 4-10 children per 10,000, not one in 10,000.
However, it is true autism prevalence in the US was estimated to be one in 36 children in 2020.
But the supposed increase has nothing to do with vaccination.
Experts say there hasn’t been a vast increase in the number of people with autism. Instead, the condition was under-diagnosed until recent years and screening has greatly improved.
“It is like saying that people use telephones a whole lot more now so there must be a brain development issue that makes people use telephones since 2007,” Prof Guastella said.
“Over the last two decades, awareness, assessments and diagnostic criteria have changed and that is the main reason for the increase – just like the invention of the smartphone has changed telephone usage.”
This 2013 University of Utah-led study, which re-examined historical autism data, showed the increase was likely due to better diagnostic criteria and an improved understanding of autism.
“Several important factors known to raise the measured ASD (autism spectrum disorder) prevalence rate reflect a change in ASD recognition as well as clinical and surveillance practice rather than a true increase in the incidence of the disorder,” it states.
In particular, the diagnostic criteria for autism has become broader.
For example, infantile autism was only recognised in 1980 as a distinct condition in the US’s Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders.
The diagnostic criteria became broader with new versions of the manual as the understanding of autism increased.
In the University of Utah study, 64 of 108 children initially classified as not having autism in the 1980s would have been diagnosed using modern criteria.
Professor Sandra Jones, an autism researcher from Australian Catholic University, told AAP FactCheck the changes enabled people with ASD to receive support.
“Many autistic people would previously have been misdiagnosed with another condition, or not diagnosed at all – and thus spent their lives struggling to understand themselves and to be understood and accepted by those around them.”
Access to medical care has also played a role in more people being diagnosed.
Evidence also suggests if people are aware of autism or know someone who is autistic they are more likely to seek treatment.
The post also exaggerates the number of vaccines in the US childhood schedule.
The claim autism rates have gone from one in 10,000 to one in 36 in line with an increase in childhood vaccines is false.
Multiple studies prove vaccines are not linked to an increase in autism. Experts told AAP FactCheck the increase is largely due to a greater understanding of the condition and a broader diagnostic criteria, leading to more people getting the help they need.
False – The claim is inaccurate.