This is false. Experts told AAP FactCheck Australia has only one constitution and the claim is the handiwork of conspiracy theorists commonly referred to as sovereign citizens or “SovCits”.
Conspiracists are questioning which constitution should be changed.
Another post includes a video of an Indigenous man opposing the voice.
“Which constitution are you going to go into,” he says (video mark 23sec).
“Is it the 1901 Constitution, which is now null and void, or is it the new American corporation, the American foreign, registered corporation constitution? Now no one knows that but our government is a registered organisation in America.”
He goes on to say: “There’s two constitutions at play.”
Australia is registered with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), a routine process for the purpose of selling bonds and other financial instruments, but this is unrelated to the formation of a corporation.
Experts say being registered with the US SEC is routine for national and state governments and doesn’t make them corporations.
Associate Professor Harry Hobbs, a constitutional expert at the University of Technology Sydney, said the Australian government registered “The Commonwealth of Australia” as a Form 18-K entity for the purpose of issuing securities in the US.
“This is a requirement of US law if Australia wants to borrow money and sell securities,” Dr Hobbs told AAP FactCheck.
“Many governments around the world have done the same thing. It does not mean that Australia is now a corporation.”
He said government registration for borrowing purposes wasn’t exceptional.
“It’s a bureaucratic mechanism in a global financial system that requires registration,” Dr Arnold told AAP FactCheck in an email.
“The Commonwealth of Australia is still recognised as a sovereign nation (ie we enact and implement our own law, independent of eg the UK and US and UN).
“That recognition is evident in international treaties and in diplomatic representation.”
Dr Arnold said the conspiracy around multiple constitutions among sovereign citizens was a variation of arguments that the Australian government is illegitimate because at some stage there was a “constitutional rupture“.
AAP FactCheck has previously reported on one such supposed rupture, the 1973 law that changed the Queen’s title in Australia, which sovereign citizens claim means all traffic fines are unlawful.
“The ‘we don’t have to obey because Australia is a corporation’ (on occasion a corporation controlled by the Rothschilds and/or George Soros – traditional anti-Semitism) claims started to get circulation in the 1970s as an echo of arguments in the United States,” Dr Arnold said.
“They’ve been propagated by word of mouth, commercial ‘training’ and advocacy by sov cit gurus … and social media.”
The claim Australia has two constitutions is false.
Experts told AAP FactCheck it is a sovereign citizens conspiracy theory, equating Australia’s registration with the US Securities and Exchange Commission as a corporate constitution.
The registration is standard government practice for the purpose of legally trading securities in the US.
Australia has one constitution which was adopted at Federation in 1901.
False — The claim is inaccurate.